The majority of the population of PICs is indigenous and traditional structures and religious beliefs influence daily life.
The South and West Asia subregion hosts a diverse set of human rights opportunities and challenges. Countries like Afghanistan and Nepal are in the midst of post-conflict transitions but face significant problems of insecurity, exclusion and impunity. Democratic institutions and the rule of law are on the brink of reform in Bangladesh and the Maldives.
Conflicts persist in several countries, including Afghanistan, regions of India and Pakistan, and Sri Lanka, with resulting human rights violations and displacement.
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Human rights meeting in the Asia-Pacific region. Turn on more accessible mode. Turn off more accessible mode. Brunei Darussalam.
- UNODC Regional Office for Southeast Asia and the Pacific!
- Countries in Asia:!
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Cook Islands. Democratic People's Republic of Korea. We worked with the winners of the challenge—an inspiring father and daughter team from Port Moresby whose app helps local artisanal weavers of traditional bilum bags connect with more customers and grow their business—to demonstrate the app for trade ministers and policymakers at the APEC Economic Leaders Week.
"ASEAN : A Community of Opportunities"
Pacific Islands Nations. Online platforms where businesses access APEC economies The APEC App Challenge in Papua New Guinea addressed a persistent issue: how to connect small and micro enterprises in the handicraft sector, many of whom live and work far from major urban centers that are cut off from technology-driven trade, to greater market opportunities.
In addition, many products are designed for low-cost production, but not necessarily repair, refurbishment or easy recycling. Cambodia, Japan, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam have not ratified the Ban Amendment and, of these countries, only Cambodia prohibits the import of e-waste and only Vietnam prohibits the import of second-hand electronics.
Taiwan, Province of China which does not apply to the Basel Convention controls the import of e-waste through its national legal framework, which is the equivalent of the Basel Convention. All the countries in the region control e-waste either via the Basel Convention or their national legal frameworks.
ASEAN summit – Southeast Asian nations wary of US-China trade row
However, measures to control the import of second-hand electronics are different among the countries and regions. There are two types of control measures to import of e-waste and second-hand electronics: 1 do control the import of e-waste but do not restrict of second-hand electronics Taiwan, Province of China, Japan, the Philippines, Republic of Korea, Singapore and Vietnam ; and 2 prohibit the import of e-waste and prohibit or restrict the import of second-hand electronics Cambodia, China, Hong Kong, Malaysia and Vietnam.
Despite these formal steps, enforcement of these measures remains a significant challenge in these countries and many others around the globe. Home Media Relations Press Releases. Decreasing usage time: The usage time of gadgets has decreased; this is not only due to rapidly advancing technology that make older products obsolete due to hardware incompatibility e. E-waste grows as more devices are replaced more rapidly. Imports: Import of EEE provides greater availability of products, both new and second-hand, which also increases e-waste as they reach their end of life.
Studies in the region show that the main reasons are: Lack of awareness: End users do not know that they should dispose of their obsolete EEE separately or how or where to dispose of their e-waste. Additionally, informal e-waste recyclers often lack the knowledge about the hazards of unsound practices. Lack of convenience: Even if disposal through existing systems does not incur a fee, users may choose not to dispose of their e-waste in the proper channels if it is inconvenient or requires their time and effort. Absence of suitable sites: There may be a lack of proper locations for hazardous waste disposal where residues from e-waste recycling can be sent.