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Where a document is shown as a link, the full text is available online. A further Act followed in Plans were submitted in but were lost when the monarchy was restored.
Mary died in ; William then ruled alone until his death in Its schools used Lancaster's monitorial system. Similar societies followed elsewhere, including Brighton in Report published in The Committee's first report on the distribution of funds for public education was approved by an Order in Council of 3 June Later became known as Bedford College and in it became part of the University of London.
It dealt largely with popular education, but also provided statistics of grammar and private schools. A year later became head of Cheltenham Ladies' College. See also Second Samuelson Report See also First Samuelson Report Eight of the 23 members of the Commission felt unable to sign the main report and instead submitted minority reports.
In an inquiry into the working of the Act recommended a ban on the employment of under-thirteens.
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Superseded by the University Grants Committee in It moved to London in but struggled to survive. On 21 Feb. As he wrote revealingly to his wife:. Called out of a diplomatic dinner to attend an unexpectedly difficult sitting of the House, 22 Feb. It was on his sickbed, 27 Apr. I am glad of it. Yet, as the Parliament had nearly run its seven years, nothing would be gained if Catholic agitation in Ireland continued to increase and he therefore urged Irish leaders to abstain from further fuelling Protestant antipathy in the interim.
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As for raising the issue in Parliament, he saw no point in again challenging the Lords after the failure of three pro-Catholic measures there within five years or in risking a less than decisive vote in the Commons and so had determined to meet any further motion with the previous question. Yet he had a sanguine expectation of carrying emancipation, hoping that. Acting individually, on 19 Oct. Having given notice, 1 May , next day Canning introduced a measure for allowing the release of bonded corn in order to relieve agricultural distress, and indicated that government intended to take powers to permit the importation of foreign corn if the autumn harvest failed.
These proposals, which despite his insistence that ministers would stand by their pledge to make no general alteration of the corn laws that session, threw the country gentlemen into furious consternation. Instead, having eschewed requisitions from Edinburgh in April and Westminster in June , he was returned unopposed by the Holmes trustees for Newport, Isle of Wight, at the general election of Having caught a chill while attending the funeral on 20 Jan.
Succumbing to lumbago, inflammation and headaches, he retreated to Brighton, where the Cannings had recently bought a house at Marine Parade; it was later supposed that he used a curious octagonal study close to the sea as a soundproofed room in which to practice his speeches, but in fact his convalescence in February was the only time he stayed there. In a letter of 21 Feb. After a flurry of correspondence with Peel and Burdett, these unavoidably delayed motions were eventually fixed for 1 and 5 Mar. Furthermore, he stipulated for the place and power of the office of prime minister, asking.
On 10 Apr. But the moderate Tory ranks and about 30 Canningites were not sufficient to secure a stable government, so Canning turned to the opposition, some of whom he knew would be willing to throw in their lot with him.
On 26 Apr. Yet Devonshire was named lord chamberlain, 27 Apr. Furthermore, even if Canning had been able to raise emancipation as a government question without the king dissolving his ministry, the passage of any relief bill through the Commons had been shown to be precarious, and as for the Lords, Croker calculated that the majority against government, which generally stood at about 90, would still have been 41 on any Catholic measure. Given its unpopularity in the country, he knew it would be inappropriate to push emancipation at this time, and he had all along said that the best chance of success was for a neutral administration gradually to become convinced by the weight of enlightened argument in its favour.
This governed his attitude towards Peel, the lynchpin of the Tory right wing, towards whom he acted with excessive deference and caution during the spring of Canning respected the principles to which he was committed and had expected his resignation over the one matter on which they disagreed, albeit with sadness, since he saw him as his natural successor.
But he was desperate to have Peel back, even offering him a peerage and the leadership of the Lords, and must have counted on soon being able to win him over by demonstrating what little practical threat was in fact effectively posed by the Catholic question. This aroused the indignation of the House and Canning, who was forced to reply to Dawson at length, ended by completely losing his temper with Knatchbull, another Ultra underling, whom he charged with having raised the banner of opposition.
On the 10th he was the subject of such a devastating personal attack from Grey in the Lords, where his colleagues failed to come to the support of his reputation, that he briefly contemplated taking a peerage simply for the gratification of replying in kind. Having justified the expense of maintaining British forces in Portugal, 8 June, and dealt with another anti-slavery debate, 12 June, he introduced his temporary bill to permit the release of warehoused corn for sale at a price of 60 s.
Dreadfully harassed and ill, it was considered that only prudence and firmness would carry him through the summer recess to the next session. Not only were there problems in the Lords, but ministers faced difficulties in the Commons over their promised corn bill, the need to implement further economies and the possibility of a Catholic relief measure, to which many were convinced that Canning had irrevocably committed himself. Canning died at 3. View access options below. You previously purchased this article through ReadCube. Institutional Login. Log in to Wiley Online Library. Purchase Instant Access.
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