Jahrhunderts Runciman, Steven.
The Lost Capital of Byzantium: The History of Mistra and the Peloponnese
Ein historisches Lesebuch p. The essential readings p. Papers Pt. A Social and Cultural History of Christianity p. Hill p.
Lectures p. NS, vol. Die Eroberung von Konstantinopel Runciman, Steven. The first crusade Runciman, Steven. Byzantine art and civilisation Runciman, Steven. Storia delle Crociate Vol. De Siciliaanse Vespers. The Sicilian vespers: a history of the mediterranean world in the later 13th century Runciman, Steven. De val van Constantinopel Runciman, Steven. The Byzantine theocracy Runciman, Steven. The Byzantine theocrazy Runciman, Steven.
Byzantine Style and Civilisation Runciman, Steven. The Eastern schism: A study of the papacy and the Eastern churches during the 11th and 12th centuries Runciman, Steven. The Orthodox Churches and the secular state Runciman, Steven.
The last Byzantine Renaissance Runciman, Steven. La Chute de Constantinople, Runciman, Steven. The medieval manichee: a study of the Christian dualist heresy Runciman, Steven. A history of the crusades Vol. Byzantine civilisation Runciman, Steven. Der Untergang von Konstantinopel Runciman, Steven. Byzantium and the Crusades Runciman, Steven.
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Historiography Runciman, Steven. Byzantine Trade and Industry Runciman, Steven. Women in byzantine aristocratic society Runciman, Steven. Taygetos , near ancient Sparta , it served as the capital of the Byzantine Despotate of the Morea in the 14th and 15th centuries, experiencing a period of prosperity and cultural flowering.
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The site remained inhabited throughout the Ottoman period , when it was mistaken by Western travellers for ancient Sparta. In the s, it was abandoned and the new town of Sparti was built, approximately eight kilometres to the east. Since the local government reform it is part of the municipality Sparti , of which it is a municipal unit. This success was soon followed by the submission of the restive Tsakones on Mount Parnon , the Slavic Melingoi tribe of Mount Taygetos , and the inhabitants of the Mani peninsula , thereby extending his sway over all of Laconia and completing the conquest of the peninsula, which had begun in , in the aftermath of the Fourth Crusade.
Two years later, the Nicaeans recaptured Constantinople , putting an end to the Latin Empire and restoring the Byzantine Empire. At this point, the emperor concluded an agreement with the captive prince: William and his men would be set free in exchange for an oath of fealty, and for the cession of Monemvasia, Grand Magne, and Mystras.
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Initially this governor kephale was changed every year, but after they started being appointed for longer terms. The first Byzantine attempts to subdue the Principality of Achaea were beaten back in the battles of Prinitsa and Makryplagi , but the Byzantines were firmly ensconced in Laconia. Warfare became endemic, and the Byzantines slowly pushed the Franks back. From until its surrender to the Ottoman Turks on 31 May , Mystras was the residence of a Despot who ruled over the Byzantine Morea, known as the " Despotate of the Morea ".
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This was the city's golden age; according to the Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium , Mystras "witnessed a remarkable cultural renaissance, including the teaching of Plethon [.. The frescos in the Peribleptos Monastery Church, dating between and , are a very rare surviving late Byzantine cycle, crucial for the understanding of Byzantine art. Mystras was also the last centre of Byzantine scholarship; the Neoplatonist philosopher George Gemistos Plethon lived there until his death in As Mezistre, it was the seat of a Turkish sanjak.
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The Venetians occupied it from to , but otherwise the Ottomans held it until and the beginning of the Greek War of Independence. It was abandoned under King Otto for the newly rebuilt town of Sparta. Mystras is situated on the slopes of Taygetos Mountain.
The archaeological site stands above the modern village of Mystras and the city of Sparta. The greenery surrounding the area is composed mainly by pine trees and cypresses. Some small rivers and lakes are found in the region. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Place in Greece. Location within the regional unit. Hellenic Statistical Authority. National Statistical Service of Greece.